Please remember this is a work in progress. Home » Getting Started

Getting Started

 

User Session Overview

 

The TIWUserSession base class (TIWUserSessionBase) is inherited from TDataModule and you can use this class for exposing user data and business rules for your application. In general you have only one class definition for your User Session.

The sample code below show how you can use your User Session to expose an already existing Data Module.

  1. unit UserSessionUnit;
  2.  
  3. interface
  4.  
  5. uses
  6.   IWUserSessionBase, SysUtils, Classes, DataModule;
  7.  
  8. type
  9.   TIWUserSession = class(TIWUserSessionBase)
  10.     procedure IWUserSessionBaseDestroy(Sender: TObject);
  11.   private
  12.     FDM: TDM;
  13.     function GetDM: TDM;
  14.   public
  15.     property DM: TDM read GetDM;
  16.   end;
  17.  
  18. implementation
  19.  
  20. {$R *.dfm}
  21.  
  22. { TIWUserSession }
  23.  
  24. function TIWUserSession.GetDM: TDM;
  25. begin
  26.   if not Assigned(fDM) then begin
  27.     fDM := TDM.Create(Nil);
  28.   end;
  29.   Result := fDM;
  30. end;
  31.  
  32. procedure TIWUserSession.IWUserSessionBaseDestroy(Sender: TObject);
  33. begin
  34.   if Assigned(fDM) then begin
  35.     FreeAndNil(fDM);
  36.   end;
  37. end;
  38.  
  39. end.

Where and how is the User Session created?

Everytime a new user access your application, a User Session instance is created by the Server Controller class. This is done in the Server Controller method IWServerControllerBaseNewSession. This code is created automatically by the IntraWeb Wizard and in most of the cases you don't need to change it.

  1. procedure TIWServerController.IWServerControllerBaseNewSession(
  2.   ASession: TIWApplication; var VMainForm: TIWBaseForm);
  3. begin
  4.   ASession.Data := TIWUserSession.Create(nil);
  5. end;

How to access the User Session instance?

The easiest way to access the User Session instance is using a function available in the Server Controller unit. You need to include the unit ServerController in the uses clause of the unit you want to access the User Session instance, as for example, your IWForms.

  1. function UserSession: TIWUserSession;
  2. begin
  3.   Result := TIWUserSession(WebApplication.Data);
  4. end;

How to use the User Session instance in your code?

After you have added the ServerController unit to your uses clause, you simply access the User Session instance using the UserSession function.

  1. unit Unit1;
  2.  
  3. interface
  4.  
  5. uses
  6.   Classes, SysUtils, IWAppForm, IWApplication, IWColor, IWTypes, Data.DB,
  7.   IWVCLBaseControl, IWBaseControl, IWBaseHTMLControl, IWControl, IWCompLabel,
  8.   IWDBStdCtrls, Vcl.Controls, Vcl.Forms, IWVCLBaseContainer, IWContainer,
  9.   IWHTMLContainer, IWHTML40Container, IWRegion, IWCompGrids, IWDBGrids,
  10.   IWHTMLControls, IWCompButton;
  11.  
  12. type
  13.   TfrmCustomers = class(TIWAppForm)
  14.     dtsCustomer: TDataSource;
  15.     IWRegion1: TIWRegion;
  16.     IWDBLabel1: TIWDBLabel;
  17.     IWDBLabel2: TIWDBLabel;
  18.     IWDBLabel3: TIWDBLabel;
  19.     IWDBLabel4: TIWDBLabel;
  20.     GrOrderIDs: TIWDBGrid;
  21.     dtsCustomerOrders: TDataSource;
  22.     IWDBGrid1: TIWDBGrid;
  23.     dtsOrderDetail: TDataSource;
  24.     IWLink1: TIWLink;
  25.     IWButton1: TIWButton;
  26.     procedure IWAppFormCreate(Sender: TObject);
  27.     procedure IWAppFormDestroy(Sender: TObject);
  28.     procedure GrOrderIDsColumns0Click(ASender: TObject; const AValue: string);
  29.     procedure IWDBGrid1Columns0Click(ASender: TObject; const AValue: string);
  30.     procedure IWLink1Click(Sender: TObject);
  31.     procedure IWButton1Click(Sender: TObject);
  32.   private
  33.     fCustomerID: Integer;
  34.     procedure OpenOrderDetail(OrderID: Integer);
  35.   public
  36.   end;
  37.  
  38. implementation
  39.  
  40. {$R *.dfm}
  41.  
  42. uses IWURLMap, ServerController, IWGlobal;
  43.  
  44. procedure TfrmCustomers.OpenOrderDetail(OrderID: Integer);
  45. begin
  46.   UserSession.DM.OrderDetail.Close;
  47.   UserSession.DM.OrderDetail.Open(OrderID);
  48.   dtsOrderDetail.DataSet := UserSession.DM.OrderDetail.Dataset;
  49. end;
  50.  
  51. procedure TfrmCustomers.GrOrderIDsColumns0Click(ASender: TObject; const AValue: string);
  52. begin
  53.   UserSession.DM.CustomerOrders.Dataset.Locate('OrderNo', aValue, []);
  54.   OpenOrderDetail(UserSession.DM.CustomerOrders.Dataset.FieldByName('OrderNo').AsInteger);
  55. end;
  56.  
  57. procedure TfrmCustomers.IWAppFormCreate(Sender: TObject);
  58. begin
  59.   if WebApplication.RunParams.IndexOfName('CustomerID') = -1 then begin
  60.     WebApplication.Terminate('You need to supply the CustomerID');
  61.   end else begin
  62.     fCustomerID := StrToInt(WebApplication.RunParams.Values['CustomerID']);
  63.     // read Customer data
  64.     UserSession.DM.Customers.Close;
  65.     UserSession.DM.Customers.Open(fCustomerID);
  66.     dtsCustomer.DataSet := UserSession.DM.Customers.Dataset;
  67.     // read Customer Order's
  68.     UserSession.DM.CustomerOrders.Close;
  69.     UserSession.DM.CustomerOrders.Open(fCustomerID);
  70.     dtsCustomerOrders.DataSet := UserSession.DM.CustomerOrders.Dataset;
  71.     // Open 1ts Customer Order
  72.     OpenOrderDetail(UserSession.DM.CustomerOrders.Dataset.FieldByName('OrderNo').AsInteger);
  73.   end;
  74. end;
  75.  
  76. procedure TfrmCustomers.IWAppFormDestroy(Sender: TObject);
  77. begin
  78.   UserSession.DM.Customers.Close;
  79. end;
  80.  
  81.  
  82. procedure TfrmCustomers.IWDBGrid1Columns0Click(ASender: TObject;
  83.   const AValue: string);
  84. begin
  85.   UserSession.DM.OrderDetail.Dataset.Locate('ItemNo', AValue, []);
  86. end;
  87.  
  88. procedure TfrmCustomers.IWLink1Click(Sender: TObject);
  89. var
  90.   xReport: TStringList;
  91.   xNomeArquivo: string;
  92. begin
  93.   xReport := UserSession.DM.ReportCustomerOrders(fCustomerID);
  94.   try
  95.     xNomeArquivo := IWServerController.UserCacheDir + UserSession.DM.RandomName + '.txt';
  96.     xReport.SaveToFile(xNomeArquivo);
  97.     WebApplication.SendFile(xNomeArquivo, True, '', 'Customer Report ' +
  98.       UserSession.DM.Customers.Dataset.FieldByName('CustNo').AsString + '.txt');
  99.   finally
  100.     FreeAndNil(xReport);
  101.   end;
  102. end;
  103.  
  104. initialization
  105.   TIWURLMap.Add('/Customer/', 'index.html', TfrmCustomers);
  106.  
  107. end.

How the User Session instance is destroyed?

While your user is interacting with your application, his User Session instance is keept in memory. If the user (or the browser) does not interact with the application for a certain period of time (the default is 20 minutes, check the SessionTimeout property on the Server Controller class), ie, the User Session is idle, the IntraWeb Session Manager takes care of destroying the User Session instance.

You need to ensure all your objects are destroyed properly on the destroy method of your User Session class, otherwise you may have memory leaks in your application, which causes server degradation and consequently slower application performance, as gradually there will be less RAM memory availalble in your server.

 

Terms of Use | Privacy Statement © 2002 - 2018 Atozed Software